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Project No. 506 Marine and Non-marine Jurassic: Global correlation and major geological events
Proposers: Jingeng Sha (China), Nicol Morton (France), W. A.P. Wimbledon (UK), Paul E. Olsen (USA), Alberto G. Riccardi (Argentina). Grzegorz (Gregory) Pieсkowski, (Poland), Yongdong Wang (China)
Countries involved: Argentina, Australia, Burma, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Japan, Malaysia, Mongolia, Morocco, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Thailand, UK, USA, Viet Nam.
Duration: 2005-2006 (-2009)
- Dr Jingeng Sha
Nanjing Institute of Geology and Paleontology
2100008 PR CHINA
Tel : +86 25 83 28 2101,
Fax +86 25 833557026,
E-mail : email@example.com
- Nicol Morton Chairman of ISJS
Le Chardon Quartier Brugiere
07200 Vogue- France
E mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
- WAP Wimbledon
Cyngor Cefn Gwald Cymru
Countryside Cpucia for Wales
4 Castelton Count
Cardiff CF3 OLT -UK
E mail : email@example.com
- Paul E Olsen
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Latmont Doherty Earth Observatory
61 Route 9W Palisades
New York 10964-1000
- Alberto G Riccardi
Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo
Universidad Nacional de la Plata
Paseo del Bosque
S/n 1900 La Plata
E mail : riccardi.@museo.fcnym.unlp.edu.ar
- Grzegorz Georgy Pienkowski
Departement of Regional and Petroleum
Polish Geological Institute
00 975 Warszawa
E mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
- Yongdong Wang
Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology
Chinese Academy of Sciences
E mail : email@example.com
The Jurassic is an important period in the earth's history and for the evolution of life. It covers about 55-60 Ma time-span and encompasses some of the most significant global events in geological history, including mass extinctions, climate and sea level changes, volcanic activities, atmospheric CO2 concentration, biodiversity change and the variation of marine and non-marine ecosystems. In particular, the Jurassic deposits in Europe, the Middle East and East Asia are the major formations for hydrocarbon resources (including coal, oil and gas), showing significant value for world's energy and mineral resources. Rich and diverse fossils have been recorded in both marine and non-marine sequences. Analysis of the biodiversity variation of such important fossil organisms is crucial for global correlation between marine and non-marine Jurassic deposits. In addition, volcanic rocks (especially tuffs) are also developed in the Jurassic of some areas. Significant work on marine/non-marine Jurassic has been carried out in England, USA, Argentina, China and India, especially the boundaries with the Triassic and Cretaceous have long been debated and not yet been resolved on a global scale. Furthermore, our knowledge is still limited regarding to the major geological events as well as their record and potential correlation that happened during the Jurassic interval. Therefore, an international project is necessary to unify the geologists and palaeontologists worldwide who are interested in the studies of the Jurassic system, with emphasis upon multidisciplinary integration. The project will use the integrated multidisciplinary methods, including palaeontological, lithostratigraphical, biostratigraphical, sequence stratigraphical, lithological including volcanic, sedimentary and sedimentological, geochemical, isotopic dating and geophysical, to solve the interrelated problems of correlation between marine and non-marine Jurassic, including the boundary intervals.
The aims of the project are:
- to highlight and emphasize the importance of marine and non-marine Jurassic for
understanding the evolutionary trends of both life and earth history;
- to provide a forum for enhancing international cooperation for geologists and
paleontologists who are interested in the Jurassic System;
- to promote and produce a series of research results for the Jurassic system using a
- to help improve public education for a complete and good understanding of the whole
Jurassic world, including the Jurassic dinosaurs.
Project No. 508 Inception of volcano collapses by fault activity:
examples from Argentina, Ecuador and Italy
Proposers: I.Alejandro Petrinovic (Argantina), T. Toulkeridis (Ecuador),
A.Concha Dimas (Mexico) Claudia Corazzato (Italy)
Countries involved: Argentina, Ecuador, Italy, Mexico
Duration: 2005-2007 (three years)
- Ivan Petrinovic
Universitad Nacional de Salta
Facultad de Ciencas Naturales
Buenos Aires 177
Leon Giero 405
Tel/Fax : + 54 387 4255441,
- Theofilos Toulkeridis
Universidad San Fransico de Quito
Center of Geology
Volcanology and Geodynamics
Via Interoceanica y Jardines del Este
AP 17 12 841
Fax: +593 22 890070,
E mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Aline Concha Dimas
Instituto de Geologica
Tel : +52 +55 +56 22 42 63 ext 111,
Fax : +52 +55 +56 22 42 89,
E mail : email@example.com
- Claudia Corazzato
Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche e
Universita di Milano Bicocca
Piazza della Scienza 4
Tel : +39 02 6448316,
Fax : +39 02 64484273,
E mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
This project is aimed at understanding the influence of basement faults and their
activity on volcano structural evolution in different tectonic settings, and in particular
to assess the role of this influence in triggering edifice lateral collapse. This is one
of the most hazardous phenomena in volcanic environment, for the volume and the mobility
of the material involved, the velocities reached and the capacity of triggering violent
explosive blasts or, at island volcanoes, tsunamis. After the catastrophic collapse
of Mt. S. Helens' flank in 1980, evidences of past lateral collapses have been recognized
at many other volcanoes in the world, both active and extinct, and authors have proposed
different possible causes of volcano deformation and failure. Among these, quite recent
works have pointed out how tectonic faulting can influence volcano stability, even at
extinct edifices. Moreover, although collapse phenomena are extensively documented, only
recently have studies begun to quantify material properties and conditions preceding
catastrophic failures. Three case sites have been chosen, Cotopaxi (Ecuador), Stromboli (Italy)
and Quevar (Argentina), representative of volcanoes with evidences of past flank collapses and
in close relation to faults in tectonic settings with different styles of faulting: reverse,
normal and strike-slip. New contributions to the understanding of the relationship between
fault activity and volcano collapse will be reached only through a strong interdisciplinary
approach, by means of field, laboratory and theoretical methods. In particular, the project
will foster close co-operation and enhance dialogue among field geologists experienced in
volcanoes and basement structures, engineering geologists and modellists. The expected results
will consist in a better understanding of the geological characteristics and processes of
volcano-basement interaction, and particularly in the improvement of models describing the
mechanics of large-scale volcano sector collapse controlled by the ativity of faults with
different kinematics. These results will also contribute to hazard and risk assessment,
and the definition of possible patterns of precursor geological signals of volcano failure
will be useful for monitoring planning and management, especially in developing countries.
Training of young scientist and students at different levels through their involvement in
research activity will lead to an improvement of preparedness of those who will have to
assess volcanic hazard in the future, and will encourage them to establish a network for
future international co-operative projects within and even beyond the framework of IGCP.
Project No. 509 Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents And Global Evolution:
A Complete Tectonic Cycle Representing The Evolving Core, Mantle, Lithosphere, Hydrosphere,
Atmosphere, And Biosphere
Proposers:S.M. Reddy (Australia), R. Mazumder (India), D.A.D. Evans (USA)
Countries involved: Australia, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Brazil, Cameroon,
Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, India, Japan, Korea, Namibia, Nigeria,
Romania, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, Tanzania, UK, USA, Zimbabwe.
- Steve Michael Reddy
Tectonics Special Research Department of
Curtin University of Technology
PO Box U 1987 WA 6845 Australia
Tel: +61 8 9266 43 71,
Fax . + 08 9266 3153,
E-mail : S.Reddy@curtin.edu.au
- R Mazumder
Department of Geology
92 SP Mukharjee Road
Tel : +91 33 2576 4697,
Fax : + 91 33 2454 3329,
E mail : email@example.com,
or : firstname.lastname@example.org
- David A D Evans
Department of Geology and Geophysics
210 Whitney Avenue
New Haven CT 06520 8109
Tel : +1 203 432 3127,
Fax : +1 203 432 3134,
E mail : email@example.com
The Palaeoproterozoic Era (2500-1600 Ma) is a critical period of Earth history in which it
is thought that "modern" plate tectonic processes overtook the "plume" driven tectonism of
the Archaean, the geodynamo gained in strength, atmospheric oxygen increased, glaciations
engulfed the tropics, large changes in carbon cycling occurred, the planet suffered its two
largest recorded bolide impacts, and eukaryotic life evolved from prokaryotic ancestors.
Several lines of geological evidence suggest the existence of two successive supercontinents,
Kenorland and Nuna, bracketing this globally important Palaeoproterozoic time interval.
The amalgamation and dispersal of these supercontinents provides a framework that links
processes of the deep Earth with those of its fluid veneer. This IGCP project seeks to
generate plausible, quantitative reconstructions of these supercontinents, establish a
thorough and robust tectono-stratigraphic synthesis of the Palaeoproterozoic geological
record, and correlate supercontinental amalgamation or dispersal events with momentous
changes in the Earth's geophysical, hydrological, atmospheric, and biological evolution.
The project will bring together scientists from at least twenty countries, from different
geological disciplines with expertise in different Palaeoproterozoic regions, and from
academia, government, and industry, to develop a global view of the Earth during this
critical period of planetary transition.
Project No. 510 Global Correlation of A-type Granites and Related Rocks,
their Mineralization, and Significance in Lithospheric Evolution
Proposers: Roberto Dall'Agnol (Brazil), Carol D. Frost (USA), O. Tapani Rдmц (Finland)
Countries involved: Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Cameroon, China, France, Finland, Japan,
Norway, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, Taiwan, United Kingdom, United States.
- Roberto Dall'Agnol
Centro de Geociencias UFPA
Caixa Postal 1611
66075 Belem PA Brazil
- Carol D Frost
University of Wyoming
- O Tapani Ramo
University of Helsinki
Department of Geology
PO Box 64
FI 00014 University fo Helsinki
Tel : +358 9 191 50810,
Fax : +358 9 191 50826,
E mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
The general aim of the project is to correlate the petrology, geochronology, geochemistry, and metallogeny of A-type granites found in various tectonic settings through the geologic time. Specific themes that will be scrutinized include (1) age distribution, petrotectonic associations, and genetic models of A-type granites and related rocks; (2) their significance in metallogeny; (3) their bearing on granite typology and evaluation of hitherto proposed classifications; (4) their overall role in the evolution of the Earth's lithosphere.
- Theoretical sciences. The main theoretical results will be the correlation of A-type granites and related rocks between different continents and geotectonic environments and their evolution through the geologic time. These will contribute profoundly to the understanding of granite petrogenesis and the classification of granitic rocks in general.
- Applied sciences and technology. The main applied results will be deepened understanding of the relationships of granite petrogenesis, role of oxygen fugacity, and nature of hydrothermal processes, and different types of metallogenic provinces and deposits. This will lead to improvement of prospective and exploration strategies for economically valuable deposits.
- Benefits to society. A-type granites are a relatively recently recognized granite group and their full potential in terms of, e.g., metal exploration and assessment of semi-precious and precious stones is not known. A-type granites have been shown to be sources of many valuable commodities (e.g., Sn, F, Nb, Au, Ag, U, rare earth elements, etc.) and better knowledge in this field will be highly beneficial to society. It is important to bridge the gap between the scientific results and their application by government and mining companies and other independent organizations to optimize the financial investment in the mineral sector and, consequently, contribute to adequate social and economic development of the developing countries in particular. The first-order societal benefits will be two-fold. First, the applied results will help certain countries to find and develop better economic resources. This will build on uniting independent working groups with state-of-the-art facilities to the scientific study of granite as tools in exploration and resource assessment. This, in turn, will lead to better comprehension and use of scientific results for understanding mineralized granite systems, their genesis, exploration models, and environmental impact. Second, involvement of participants from developing countries as active partners with participants from more developed countries will enable the former to deepen their research capabilities and backgrounds, thus enabling them to become more productive scientists in their own countries. To enhance human resources is a prime aspect of the project and will be a direct result of collaborative research and involvement of students. Comprehensive accomplishment of the second benefit will be reached through collaborative research projects.
Project No. 511 Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences
Proposers: Jacques Locat (Canada), Juergen Mienert and Roger Urgeles - (IOC link)
Countries involved: Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Germany, France, Georgia, Greece, China, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, UK, USA.
- Jacques Locat
Faculte des Sciences et de Genie Geologique
Tel : 1 418 656 2179,
Fax : 1 418 564 3873
- Juergen Mienert
Universite de Tromsoe
E-mail: Juergen Mienert@ig.uit.no
- Roger Urgeles
Universidad de Barcelona
The Grand Bank earthquake of 1929 triggered a huge submarine mass movement which broke submarine
cables over a distance of up to 1000 km from its source and generated a tsunami which devastated
a small village in Newfoundland killing 27 people. A similar event happened in Papua New Guinea
in 1998 with more than 2000 casualties. Submarine mass movements of various sizes and styles are
shaping the sea floor and are of concern for many facets of human activities both onshore and
offshore. These include the development of natural resources, energy and communication transport, coastal infrastructures and communities. This IGCP project will bring a worldwide perspective to submarine mass movements and their consequences. Such a perspective will be made possible by assembling excellent contributions from active researchers, groups or institutions thus providing a full coverage of the many scientific and engineering aspects of this type of marine and coastal geo-hazard. It will cover fundamental as well as site specific studies from many areas including the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, inner seas like the Mediterranean Sea, fjords and lakes using the most recent technologies from multibeam sonar imaging and 3D seismic, stability analysis, to debris flow and tsunami modeling.
Project No. 512 A new global synthesis on neoproterozoic ice ages, their correlation,
ages, duration, areal extent, geological setting, related ore genesis, causes and effects
Proposers: Emmanuelle Arnaud (Canada), Marly Babinski (Brazil), Yves Goddйris (France), Galen Halverson (France), Martin Kennedy (USA), Conall Mac Niocaill (UK), Vibhuti Rai (India), Graham Shields (Australia), Zhu Maoyan (China)
Countries involved: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Iran, Japan, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Norway, Russia, Senegal, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, Uruguay, USA
Over the last decade there has been a growing recognition that the Earth possibly witnessed
its most extreme climatic fluctuations during the mid-late Neoproterozoic between ~750 Ma and ~550
Ma. Indeed, there is compelling but controversial evidence that glaciers even reached the
equator around 635 Ma inspiring the evocative visual metaphor of the Snowball Earth.
Mounting evidence suggests that there might have been three or more distinct glacial
episodes during this 200 million year interval of Earth history.
However, there is currently no consensus regarding the number or relative severities of
these ice ages, while their implications for biotic evolution awaits a firmer understanding
of global stratigraphic correlation. By integrating proven expertise among emerging
researchers worldwide from eight different subdisciplines within geoscience, we aim to work
towards a consensus global stratigraphic calibration scheme for the mid-late
Neoproterozoic and an authoritative global synthesis of Neoproterozoic climate change.
Questions to be addressed are:
- How many distinct glacial episodes occurred during the Neoproterozoic era?
- When did each glacial episode occur?
- How long did each glacial episode last?
- Can we use Neoproterozoic glacial sediments and their related marker beds, such as cap carbonates, for global stratigraphic correlation and subdivision?
- What was the areal extent of each glacial episode?
- What was the tectonic and palaeogeographic setting of each glacial episode?
- What were the likely effects of Neoproterozoic glaciation on atmospheric, oceanic and lithospheric changes and biotic evolution?
- When and how did cap carbonates form?
- When and how did related ore deposits (sedimentary iron formations, manganese formations, barite, phosphorites and U-, V-, Pt-, Au-ferous black shales) form?
- To what extent do current hypotheses of Neoproterozoic glaciation and its causes and effects fit the geological evidence for each glacial episode?
These questions will be addressed primarily by collaborative fieldwork in key Neoproterozoic successions in over ten different countries (current collaborative work among participants is taking place in Oman, Namibia, and Canada, while future IGCP work will take place in Senegal, Burkina Faso, Russia, Brazil, UK, China, Norway, Russia, Australia, and USA) over five years and related laboratory work in over ten different countries. The results of this project will advance the science of Earth System evolution and lead to a better understanding of past global climate change and its effects on ore deposition and faunal evolution.
Project No. 513 Global Study of Karst Aquifers and Water Resources
Proposers: Chris Groves (USA), Yuan Daoxian (China), Bartolome Andreo-Navarro (Spain), Heather Viles (UK)
Countries involved: Austria, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Germany, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, Syria, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela, Vietnam.
- Chris Groves
Department of Geography and Geology
Western Kentucky University
1 Big Red Way
Bowling Green KY 42101 USA
- Yuan Daoxian - China
- Bartolome Amdreo Navarro- Spain
- Yeather Viles- UK
This project is proposed as the successor to Project 448: World Correlation of Karst Geology and Relevant Ecosystems, approved by the IGCP Scientific Board in 2000, and which will publish its final report in 2004. Project 448 is the most recent of three successful karst-related projects carried out under the auspices of IGCP, which also included Project 299: Geology, Climate, Hydrology and Karst Formation (1990-1994) and Project 379: Karst Processes and the Global Carbon Cycle (1995-1999).
An irony is that many of the world's significant karst areas occur in poorly developed economic regions, in part due to the physical challenges that these landscapes often present with regard to water supply, agriculture, and urban development. Thus, resources are often limited to address these significant problems. The main purpose of the proposed project is to encourage international cooperation to increase understanding of karst water resources with regard to both ecological and human health concerns, and to promote the sharing of ideas, experiences and resources in developing solutions to karst water resource challenges.
We propose a transdisciplinary approach to address the four major areas of emphasis for the project:
- Relation of hydrology to the function and health of karst ecosystems;
- Water supply in karst regions;
- Water-related environmental problems in karst regions;
- Aqueous geochemistry of karst aquifer/landscape systems.
Project No. 514 Tectonically and climatically induced evolution of fluvial palaeo-systems
and applications to mineral exploration
Proposers: Prof. Natalia Patyk-Kara (Russia), Dr. Alejandra Duk-Rodkin (Canada), Dr. Baohong Hou (Australia), Prof. Li Ziyang (China), and Dr. Vladimir Dolgopolov (Kazakhstan)
Countries involved: Australia, Byelorussia, Canada, China, India, Israel, Mongolia, Russia, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, USA.
- N Patyk Kara
Staromonetny per 35
Tel: 7 095 2309 8427,
Fax : 7 095 230 2179,
E Mail : email@example.com
- A. Duk-Rodkin
Geological Survey of Canada
Terrain Sciences Division
3303-33rd Street N.W. Calgary
Fax: (1-403)292 7188,
- Baohong HOU
Primary Industries and Resources SA (PIRSA)
4/101 Grenfell Street
Tel: 61-8-8463 3038 (W),
Fax: (08) 8226 3200 (W) or (08) 8374 1847 (H).
- Li Ziyang
Beijing Research Institute of Uranium Geology
Fax.: (010) 64917143,
- Vladimir Dolgopolov
Joint-Stock Company "Volkovgeologia"
Bogenbay Batyr str.
Fax: (327-2) 501 359,
The main aim of this project is to analyse palaeo-fluvial channels in environments where mineral deposits are found. These include proximal gravel accumulations (placer gold, PGE, tin, rare metals, etc.), distal gravel and sand accumulations (diamonds, heavy minerals, fine gold, etc.), and hydrogenic (leached) deposits related to (occurring on) complex geochemical barriers (uranium and attendant molybdenium, rhenium, selenium, yttrium, rare elements, etc). These sedimentary ore accumulations are known to occur in palaeovalleys, palaeochannels and palaeoshorelines of various ages from Recent to Pre-Cambrian (Tertiary, Cretaceous, Jurassic, Carboniferous, Devonian, Vendian, Riphean, etc.). The critically important objective is an understanding of the dynamics of palaeochannel morphology, palaeochannel evolution and sedimentary ore accumulations related to palaeochannels. Valley and shoreline systems which have evolved during the Palaeozoic, Mesozoic, and Tertiary-Quaternary serve as models for this analysis. In particular, late Cenozoic ore-enclosing drainages are model systems for better understanding the Pre-Cenozoic palaeovalley ore formation.
The methodology of the project is as follows:
- Analysis of intercontinental-scale fluvial systems modified by plate tectonics.
- Identification of drainage features inherited from previous stages of drainage and basin evolution.
- Assessment of inter- and intra-valley reconfigurations affected by tectonics and climate and their influence on formation and preservation of ore accumulations.
- Assessment of palaeodrainage and palaeoshoreline interrelationships.
- Assessment of the controlling factors in local sedimentary traps, on geochemical barriers and in over-deepened valleys.
- Identification of metal and mineral distributions in palaeochannel systems:
- Climatic zonality and ore-forming processes in palaeochannels.
- Integrated analysis of metal and mineral distributions and their comparative potential as economic deposits.
- Detailed comparison of types of ore-bearing palaeochannel systems within regions, and between continents, by way of annual workshops.
- Synthesis of results and publication of an edited monograph.
Project No. 515 Vulnerability and resilience assessment of coastal zone in Mediterranean
and Black Sea areas related to the forecast sea level rise for management purposes.
Proposers: U. Simeoni (Italy), Maria Snoussi (Morocco), Zdravko Belberov (Bulgaria), Franзois Sabatier (France)
Countries involved: Albania, Algeria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Georgia, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Morocco, Romania, Spain, Syrian, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, Russia.
- Umberto Simeoni
Dipartimento di Scienze Della Terra
Universita di Ferrara
Corso Ercole i d Este
Tel: +39 05 32293723,
Fax: + 39 0532206468,
E mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Maria Snoussi
University Mohamed V Agdal
Faculty of Sciences
Department for Earth and Sciences
Tel : +212 37 77 19 57,
Fax : +212 37675909,
E mail : email@example.com
- Zdravko Kirilov Belberov
Coastal Zone Dynamics Department
PO Box 152
Tel: +359 52 370 493,
Fax : +359 52 370493,
E mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
- Francois Sabatier
Aix Marseille III University
Europole de l Arbois
F 13545 Aix en Provence Cedex 4
Tel : +33 442 97 15 07,
Fax : +33 442 97 15 49,
E mail : email@example.com
One of the more certain consequences of global climate changes is an accelerated global sea level rise that, according to recent studies, is assumed to reach 49 cm in 2100. Moreover the relative sea level rise (RSLR) is expected to be higher in coastal or deltaic zones affected by subsidence. This RSLR will increase the stress on many coastal zones, where 21% of the world's population already live within 30 km from the sea, in particularly costal zones where human activities have diminished natural and socio-economic adaptative capacities. The coastal zones could be affected in terms of increased erosion, inundation and displacement of coastal wetlands and other coastal lowlands, increased risk of flooding or storm damage and salinisation of surface and ground waters. These primary impacts will be on livelihoods, human health, infrastructure and economic activity. However, the quantitative assessment of climate change impacts on coastal zone is generally considered a complex task and involves a number of analytical challenges, including scientific and economic uncertainties and data limitations. The aim of this project is to bring the relevant research groups together in order to define the more common suitable methods to assess the coastal vulnerability towards future sea level rise and propose a common guideline for coastal management.
Project No. 516 Geological Anatomy of East and South Asia: Paleogeography and
Paleoenvironment in Eastern Tethys
Proposers: Ken-ichiro Hisada (Japan), Punya Charusiri (Thailand), Byung-Joo Lee (Rep.of Korea), Xiaochi Jin (China)
Countries involved: Australia, Bangladesh, Brunei, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand.
- Ken Ichiro Hisada
Division of Earth Evolution Sciences
University of Tsukuba
Tennodai 1 1 1
Japan 305 8572
Tel/Fax : +81 298 534300,
- Punya Charusiri
Department of Geology
Faculty of Science
Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330.
Tel/Fax :662-218-5456, 662-218-5464,
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
- Byung-Joo Lee
Korea Institute of Geoscience & Mineral
Tel : +82-42-868-3042,
Fax : +82-42-861-9714,
E mail: email@example.com
- Xiaochi Jin
Institute of Geology
Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences
26 Baiwanzhuang Road
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org,
The project is a successor to IGCP 224 (Pre-Jurassic Evolution of Eastern Asia, 1985-1990), 321 (Gondwana Dispersion and Asian Accretion, 1991-1996), and 411 (Geodynamics of Gondwanaland -derived Terranes in E & S Asia, 1998-2003). The project aims at understanding the assembly processes of Gondwana-derived terranes and the final emplacement of these terranes into the Asian continent during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic times. The fundamental goal of this project is to gain palaeogeography and palaeoenvironment in the eastern Tethys. To achieve this purpose, the geological anatomy of East and South Asia as well as Southeast Asia will be indispensable. In previous projects, the framework of geodynamic processes has been established, but the indentification and interrelation of terranes are still controversial and the fundamental knowledge for some terranes is scarce. Moreover internal structure of some orogenic belts in the relevant area is still poorly known. Consequently, crustal evolution, rifting and collision processes and formation of natural resources in the East and South Asia will be analyzed in details within the framework of Gondwana-derived terranes in the vast region embracing Pakistan, Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Lao PDR, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Brunei, Papua New Guinea, Philippine, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan and the Russia Far East. The project, therefore, involves an interdisciplinary approach including igneous and metamorphic petrology, geochemistry, sedimentology, tectonics, palaeobiogeography, palaeomagnetism, geophysics, and petroleum/coal geology.
Project No. 518 Fluvial sequences as evidence for landscape and climatic evolution in the
Proposer: David Bridgland (UK)
- David Bridgland
Departement of Geology
University of Durham
Durham DH 1 3LE UK
Tel: 0191 334 1875,
Fax : 0191 334 1801,
E mail : D.R.Bridgland@durham.ac.uk
The project envisages to compile a database of long fluvial sedimentary sequences (and their palaeontological and archaeological contents), enabling comparison and correlation between all parts of the globe and providing evidence of environmental change, landscape evolution and crustal movements.
- potential records on late Cenozoic climatic and environmental change, and landscape evolution;
- provision of context for various other important research areas (e.g. mammalian evolution; human occupation and migration; tectonic history) that are studied extensively from fluviatile records;
- provision of comparative material for data from other terrestrial environments;
- provision of stratigraphical frameworks for terrestrial Quaternary research;
- provision of terrestrial sequences that can be correlated with the globally valid oceanic record of Quaternary climatic change, the oxygen isotope stratigraphy.
The project will have potential benefits in connection with the prospecting for and exploitation of (as well as conservation of) resources from fluvial sequences, such as aggregates and placer mineral deposits. It will provide improved understanding of the response of rivers to environmental and climatic change. This will be of benefit to those who have to live with and manage rivers in the widest sense, with applications for flood management schemes, irrigation and diversion schemes, navigation projects and other areas of human management and exploitation of rivers. There is also value in this type of research for understanding future global environmental change resulting from human impacts.
Project No. 519 Hydrogeology and hydrochemistry in coastal aquifers on
the Atlantic coast of South America. Its knowledge for water management in the province
of Buenos Aires, Argentina, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and in the touristic and
historic district of Santa Marta, Colombia.
Proposer: Emilia Bocanegra (Argentina)
Countries involved: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia
Duration: 2005 (-2009)
- Emilia Boceranegra
Castilla de Correro 722
7600 Mar del Plata
Tel: +54 223 4754060,
Fax :+54 223 4753150,
E mail: email@example.com
The project aims at developing joint methodologies on marine intrusion process analysis in
coastal aquifers on the Atlantic coast of South America, by assembling existing information
and the participating research teams' potential. Activities and capacities to develop numeric
models of coastal aquifer functioning which help as management tools will be undertaken.
- In theoretical sciences: we aim at increasing knowledge of coastal aquifers systems' functioning in the Atlantic coast of South America. A joint analysis of the extensive coastal area with climatic and geological variations will allow to evalue the effect of the different parameters on the hydrological functioning of coastal aquifers.
- In applied sciences and technology: using numerical models in coastal aquifers' planning and management, its calibration and validation will contribute to the development of mathematical tools.
- In respect to benefit of society: the Province of Buenos Aires and the State of Rio de Janeiro are the most populated states in South America. Their population levels are about 10 million and 20 million inhabitants respectively. The Touristic and Historic District of Santa Marta in Colombia has a population of 430,000 inhabitants and it is one on the most growing population cities in the country. These are also areas of high economic productivity in their countries. Access to safe water in quality and quantity is a vital need for human development. However, its exploitation in coastal areas is being threatened by problems derived from the salt water - fresh water interface, which is characteristic of these regions. Creating the appropriate tools for a better planning and management will benefit these two highly populated economic centers of South America.
Project No. 521 Black Sea Mediterranean Corridor during the last 30 ky: Sea level
change and human adaptation
Proposers: Valentina Yanko-Hombach (Canada), Yucel Yilmaz (Turkey), Pavel Dolukhanov (UK)
Countries involved: Algeria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Egypt, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey, UK, Ukraine, USA
- Valentina Yanko Hombach
Avalon Institute of Applied Science Inc
3227 Roblin Blvd
Winnipeg MB3R OC2
Canada Antony Reedman
Tel: +1 204 489 4569,
Fax : +1 204 489 5782,
E Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Yucel Yilmar
Kadir Has University
Cibali Merkez Kampusu
34230 01 Cibali
Tel : +90 212 533 65 32,
Fax : +90 212 533 65 15,
E mail : email@example.com
- Pavel Dolukhanov
School of Historical Studies
University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tel: + 44 0 191 2227848,
Fax: +44 0 191 2228561,
E mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Black Sea-Mediterranean Corridor is an integrated oceanographic system defined here as the large geographical area covering the Manych-Kerch Gateway (Manych Valley, the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Strait) that lies to the east of the Black Sea, the Black Sea, the Marmara Gateway (the Bosphorus Strait, the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles), the Aegean Sea, the Eastern Mediterranean and their coasts. During the Late Pleistocene the "Corridor" was connected to the Caspian Sea via Manych Gateway. Today, the "Corridor" is of strategic importance not only for all coastal countries but also for at least 17 other countries sharing a drainage basin that is one-third the size of the European continent. The "Corridor" acts as a palaeoenvironmental amplifier and as a sensitive recorder for climatic events where sea level variations and coastline migration are especially pronounced due to its geographical location and semi-isolation from the open ocean. It also provides a linkage between the marine and continental realms. Over the past 30 ky, the "Corridor" underwent a complicated history, which remains hotly debated. Lately, this region has spurred a tremendous international interest as a possible place where the biblical story of the Great Flood originated, encouraging a new round of controversial research on the hydrological regime in connecting straits, transition from a lacustrine to a marine environment, an influence of the Black Sea outflow on deposition of the Eastern Mediterranean sapropels as well as past/present/future adaptation of humans to environmental change.
The main goal of the project is to cover this gap by bringing the relevant but diverse research groups together to provide cross-disciplinary and cross-regional correlation of geological, geochemical, geophysical, palaeontological, archaeological and historical records for the entire "Corridor" in order to evaluate an influence of sea level change and coastline migration on human adaptation during last 30 ky. The research is focused on evolution of the coastal zone where a rich sedimentary, landform and archaeological archive provides a superb opportunity for studying spatial and temporal interactions between human adaptation and environmental change. This work will result in fundamental new knowledge regarding the driving mechanisms that influence human adaptation in the region that became known as the "cradle of civilization", a subject of great interest to the Quaternary, earth, marine, environmental and social sciences. Its strong applied component will be directly relevant to coastal managers in regard to the environmental risk assessment and sustainable development of the "Corridor" under Global Climate Change anticipated to take full effect in this century.
Project No. 522 Dawn of the Danian (65-61 Ma): Post K-T Boundary Austral Biotic Survivorship
and Recovery in a 'Brave New World'
Proposers: Jeffrey D. Stilwell (Australia), Claudia Del Rнo (Argentina)
Countries involved: Australia, Argentina, India, New Zealand, South Africa, Uruguay, USA.
- Jeffrey D Stilwell - Australia
Principal Research Fellow Paleontology
School of Geosciences
Clayton VIC 3800
- Claudia Del Rio - Argentina
Dr. Claudia Del Rio
MACN. Museo "Bernardino Rivadavia"
Angel Gallardo 470
(1405) Buenos Aires
The Danian interval (Early Palaeocene Epoch, 65-61 Ma) of the Tertiary Period immediately followed the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary mass extinction event (65 Ma), one of the greatest crises throughout the entire Phanerozoic that saw the global extermination of scores of terrestrial and marine animals and plants. The organisms living at the beginning of the Tertiary heralded the onset of the modern fauna. Moreover, pioneers in this 'brave new world' were made up of survivors, opportunistic and migrant taxa, and newly evolved groups that infilled the ecological vacuum left by the mass extinction. Thus, the Danian biota was characterized by complex evolutionary histories that exhibit dramatic signatures of composition and biodiversity levels relating to extinction and post-extinction recovery processes. Of particular significance, it has come to light only recently with preliminary intense research that the composition and biodiversity patterns of Southern Hemisphere Danian organisms are proving distinct from the North, indicating that although the mechanisms driving the observed patterns may be comparable, they have, in part, a unique suite of historical attributes. Outcomes from this research on the Danian will provide important new information with links to the International Subcommissions on Cretaceous and Paleogene Stratigraphy and spin-offs related to improvement of biostratigraphic control, which is in turn useful for geological exploration and hence, industry needs.
Research on biodiversity and evolutionary processes is of utmost importance in this time of looming habitat loss and species extinctions worldwide, now accelerating at an ominous rate. Estimates based on recent documentation of shifts in the distributions and abundance of species fuelled by climate change predict that more than a million species will be extinct by 2050. In terms of magnitude of extinction, this impending tragedy facing humankind today (labelled as the "Sixth Extinction") rivals the K-T boundary mass extinction. Studying patterns of biodiversity through time via the examination of intervals of global crises to those of quiescence provides humankind with the ammunition to deal with and predict future trends of global biosphere change. The Danian interval in the Southern Hemisphere is a perfect case study to examine the biotic response to major environmental change.
Project No. 523 Global Ground Water Network for Best Practices in Ground Water Management in
Developing Countries. (A collaborative Project between UNESCO-IGCP and expert members in two
Associations viz. IAH and AGID, affiliated to IUGS)
Proposers: Shrikant Daji Limaye (India), Dr A J Reedman (UK)
Countries involved: Argentina,Bangladesh, India, Mexico, UK, Pakistan
Duration: 2005 (-2009)
- Shirkant Daji Limaye India
Ground Water Institute
2050 Sadashiv Peth
Pune 411 030
Tel : +91 20 2433 1262,
Fax : +91 20 2433 3535,
E-mail : email@example.com
- Antony Reedman
British Geological Survey
Ground water management includes exploration, assessment, sustainable utilization and protection of quality and quantity of ground water. In many developing countries or low income countries, ground water is getting over-exploited, polluted and scarce. However, in small watersheds in rural areas, there are a few examples of better management, through devoted work of some NGOs with participation of local people. In Urban areas, there are examples of roof water harvesting and recharging of aquifer. It is proposed under this project, to disseminate the success stories and experiences of ground water management through GROWNET website and Newsletter. It is also proposed to arrange regional meetings of the experts involved to discuss the methodologies, their success and shortcomings. The GROWNET would be an effective, transparent, authentic and gender sensitive network for Dissemination of Information and Capacity Building for following the Best Practices in Ground Water Management in South and South-East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and in Latin America.